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LEDinside: Observing the Development Trend of Micro LED Display from Micro LED Technology Challenges

2019-02-13 01: 01

According to LEDinside’s 2019 Micro LED Next Generation Display Key Technology Report, Micro LED possesses excellent features no matter in high brightness, high contrast, high response time and power saving, which are all better than LCD and OLED. With Micro LED, various applications, such as watch, mobile phone, automotive display, AR, VR, monitor, TV and large display will develop towards a higher level in the future. According to LEDinside, although Micro LED technology faces many challenges, compared with two years ago, the current technological progress has been much improved. The early patented technology has already appeared in the physical sample display machine. In the future, Micro LED’s commercialization will be driven by the growth of Micro LED technology. In addition, the manufacturing process of Micro LED is complex and the requirement becomes stricter. The raw materials, process consumables, production equipment, testing instruments and auxiliary fixtures used in the process require sophisticated specifications and relatively high precision.

According to LEDinside’s 2019 Micro LED Next Generation Display Key Technology Report, Micro LED possesses excellent features no matter in high brightness, high contrast, high response time and power saving, which are all better than LCD and OLED. With Micro LED, various applications, such as watch, mobile phone, automotive display, AR, VR, monitor, TV and large display will develop towards a higher level in the future. According to LEDinside, although Micro LED technology faces many challenges, compared with two years ago, the current technological progress has been much improved. The early patented technology has already appeared in the physical sample display machine. In the future, Micro LED’s commercialization will be driven by the growth of Micro LED technology. In addition, the manufacturing process of Micro LED is complex and the requirement becomes stricter. The raw materials, process consumables, production equipment, testing instruments and auxiliary fixtures used in the process require sophisticated specifications and relatively high precision.


Micro LED technology bottleneck analysis

At present, there are nine bottlenecks, including epitaxy, chip, mass transfer, full color, bonding, power drive, backplane, inspection and repairing technologies. This research report will conduct in-depth discussion and analysis on the bottleneck of Micro LED technology.

Epitaxy Technology: At present, one of the challenges of Micro LED epitaxy technology is to improve wavelength uniformity and thickness uniformity. Thus, the wavelength will be more concentrated and the back-end inspection cost of epitaxy manufacturers can be greatly lowered. Besides, when LED chip is reduced to less than 100µm, the problem of unevenness caused by cutting damage around the LED chip may lead to electricity leakage and affect the overall luminous characteristics.

Chip Manufacturing Process Technology: Because of mass transfer manufacturing process, chips need to go through structural weakening in order to be picked up from the temporary substrate. In order to avoid the damage of chips during mass transfer manufacturing process, ALD process is required to protect and insulate the chips.

Mass Transfer Technology: Stamp pick & place technology can be applied to products greater than 10µm, but there may be problems for UPH and transfer equipment’s precision and stability. Fluidic assembly technology can be applied to products greater than 20µm. Although UPH can be increased, three transfer times are required to achieve full color. Laser transfer technology can be applied to products greater than 1µm, but the cost of laser equipment is high and will be a burden of initial investment.

Full Color Technical Solution: RGB chip color conversion solution confronts with problems like insufficient luminance efficacy and low yield in regard to technology of less than 20µm. Instead, quantum dot technology can fill this gap. However, some problems facing quantum dot solutions like coating evenness and reliability remain to be broken through.

Bonding Technology: Because Micro LED chip is too small, the large metal content of the solder paste can easily cause the p-pad and n-pad conduction of Micro LED to form a micro short circuit. Therefore, the adhesion technology will be a key challenge for Micro LED process. Currently, there are four directions: Metal Bump, Adhesive, Wafer Bonding and Micro Tube.

Driver Technology: In the active matrix drive array, each pixel is connected to the circuit and driven separately, which will allow Micro LED to operate at a lower current while maintaining brightness throughout the entire illumination time without significant loss of display brightness, but Micro LED drive current is extremely small, which makes the circuit design complicated and the space layout of drive power module will be denser.

Backplane Technology: There are four types: glass, flexible substrate, silicon substrate and PCB. At present, PCB backplane is the most widely used, mainly because of its high compatibility. The splicing can be used to meet various required sizes, and the corresponding substrate can be selected according to the requirements to be the corresponding backplane.

Inspection & Testing Technology: Micro LED application products use a large number of chips. Besides, the Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence of Micro LED module have to be detected correctly and rapidly. It is necessary to adopt mass testing method to reduce time and cost. Identifying good product quickly and accurately is a major problem in the manufacturing process and one of the main reasons for the bottleneck of current Micro LED testing technology.

Repairing Technology: In terms of Micro LED repairing solution, currently there are ultraviolet irradiation repairing technology, laser welding repairing technology, selective pick repairing technology, selective laser repairing technology and redundancy circuit design solution.

In January 2019, LEDinside has analyzed the key technologies of 2019 Micro LED next generation display. For more information, please call or email us. Thank you!

LEDinside 2019 Micro LED Next Generation Display Key Technology Report
Release Date: January 31, 2019
Format: PDF
Language: Traditional Chinese / English
Pages: 219
Quarterly Update: Micro / Mini LED Market Perspective Analysis - Vendor Dynamics, New Technology Import, Display Week / Touch Taiwan Direct Strike (March, June, September 2019; Approx. 10-15 pages/quarter)

Chapter 1 Definition and Market Scale of Micro LED
 Product Definition of Micro LED
 Analysis and Prediction of Micro LED Market Value
 Analysis and Prediction of Micro LED Output Volume
 Estimation of Micro LED Display Penetration Rate

Chapter 2 Micro LED Applications and Technology Development
 Micro LED Product Overview
 Micro LED Product Specifications Overview
 Micro LED Applications- Specifications of Head Mounted Device
 Micro LED Applications- Cost of Head Mounted Device
 Micro LED Applications- Shipment Volume of Head Mounted Device
 Micro LED Applications- Specifications of Wearable Device
 Micro LED Applications- Cost of Wearable Device
 Micro LED Applications- Shipment Volume of Wearable Device
 Micro LED Applications- Specifications of Handheld Device
 Micro LED Application- Cost of Handheld Device
 Micro LED Application- Shipment Volume of Handheld Device
 Micro LED Application- Specifications of IT Device
 Micro LED Application- Cost of IT Display
 Micro LED Application- Shipment Volume of IT Device
 Micro LED Application- Specification of Automotive Display
 Micro LED Application- Cost of Automotive Display
 Micro LED Application- Shipment Volume of Automotive Display
 Micro LED Application- Specifications of TV
 Micro LED Application- Cost of TV
 Micro LED Application- Shipment Volume of TV
 Micro LED Application- Specifications of LED Display
 Micro LED Application- Cost of LED Display
 Micro LED Application- Shipment Volume of LED Display

Chapter3 Micro LED Patent Analysis
 2000-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Patent Family Analysis
 2000-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Region Analysis
 2000-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Technology Analysis
 2000-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Manufacturer Analysis
 2001-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Mass Transfer Technology Patent Family Analysis
 Mass Transfer Technology- Patent Technology Overview
 Mass Transfer Technology- Patent Technology Classification
 2001-2018 Micro LED Patent Layout- Mass Transfer Technology Patent Family Analysis
 Mass Transfer Technology- Brand Manufacturer Technology Layout Analysis
 Mass Transfer Technology- Start-up and Research Institution Technology Layout Analysis

Chapter 4 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution
 Micro LED Industry Technology Overview Analysis
 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution Overview- Manufacturing Process
 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution Overview- LED Epitaxy and Chip Manufacturing Process
 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution Overview- Transfer Technology/Bonding Technology/Drive and Backplane Technology

Chapter 5 Epitaxy Technology Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis

 Epitaxy Technology- Solution
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxial Wafer Structure and Light Emitting Principle
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxy Emissive Layer Material and Luminous Efficacy
 Epitaxy Technology- The Leakage Problem of Chip Miniaturization Causes the Drop of Luminous Efficacy
 Epitaxy Technology- Equipment Technology Classification
 Epitaxy Technology- Equipment Technology Comparison
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxial Wafer Key Technology Classification
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxial Wafer Key Technology Classification- Wavelength Uniformity
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxial Wafer Key Technology Classification- Defect Control
 Epitaxy Technology- Epitaxial Wafer Key Technology Classification- Increase of Utilization of Epitaxial Wafer
 Epitaxy Technology- Applicability Analysis

Chapter 6 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Development of LED Chip Miniaturization
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- LED Chip Production Process
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Structural Differences between Lateral Chip, Flip Chip and Vertical Chip
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Miniaturized LED Chip (Including Sapphire Substrate) Scribing Technology
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Miniaturized LED Chip (Excluding Sapphire Substrate) Scribing Technology
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Laser Ablation
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Structural Weakening and Insulating Layer
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Design of Structural Weakening
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Design of Transfer Head
 Chip Manufacturing Process Technology- Differences between Traditional LED and Micro LED Chip Manufacturing Processes

Chapter 7 Mass Transfer Technology Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Mass Transfer Technology- Transfer Technology Classification
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology Classification
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Pick & Place Technology
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Non-selective Pick Technology
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Selective Pick Technology will Increase Wafer Utilization
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Selective Pick Technology in Repair Application
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Factors that Affect UPH
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Solution of Increasing UPH for Large Transfer Head
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Higher Transfer Head Accuracy Requirement
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Comparison between Transfer Times and Wafer Utilization
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Comparison between Cycle Time and UPH
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Apple (LuxVue)

Electrostatic Adsorption + Phase Change Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Samsung

Chip Transfer and Flip
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Van der Waals Force Introduction
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: X-Celeprint

Van der Waals Force
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: ITRI

Electromagnetic Adsorption
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Mikro Mesa

Adhesion and Reaction Force
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: AUO

Electrostatic Adsorption and Reaction Force
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: VueReal

Solid Printing
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Rohinni

Alignment Pin
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Fluidic Assembly Technology
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: eLux

Fluidic Assembly
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: PlayNitride

Fluidic Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Laser Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Laser Transfer Classification
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Sony

Laser Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: QMAT

BAR(Beam-Addressed Release) Mass Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: Uniqarta

Multi-Beam Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: OPTOVATE

Laser Lift-off (ρ-LLO) Technology
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology- Roll to Roll Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Thin Film Transfer Technology: KIMM

Roll to Roll Transfer
 Mass Transfer Technology- Seven Major Challenges of Micro LED Mass Transfer Technology
 Mass Transfer Technology- Transfer Yield Depends on the Control of Manufacturing Capability
 Mass Transfer Technology- Applicability Analysis

Chapter 8 Testing Technology Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution Overview- Testing Technology
 Testing Technology- Testing Method
 Testing Technology- Electrical Properties
 Testing Technology- EL
 Testing Technology- Light Properties
 Testing Technology- PL
 Testing Technology- Overview of Mass Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- PL Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- Digital Camera Photoelectric Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- Contact Photoelectric Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- Contactless Photoelectric Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- Contactless EL Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Method- Ultraviolet Irradiation Photoelectric Testing Technology
 Mass Testing Technology Difference Comparison

Chapter 9 Repairing Technology Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Micro LED Technology Bottleneck and Solution Overview- Repairing Technology
 Micro LED Repairing Technology Solution
 Repairing Technology Solution- Ultraviolet Irradiation Repairing Technology
 Repairing Process of Micro LED Dead Pixel
 Repairing Technology Solution- Ultraviolet Irradiation Repairing Technology
 Dead Pixel Repairing Technology Analysis
 Repairing Technology Solution- Ultraviolet Irradiation Repairing Technology
 Transfer Head Pickup Process
 Repairing Technology Solution- Laser Welding Repairing Technology
 Repairing Technology Solution- Selective Pick Repairing Technology
 Repairing Technology Solution- Selective Laser Repairing Technology
 Repairing Technology Solution- Backup Circuit Design Solution
 Micro LED Active Defect Detection Design

Chapter 10 Full Color Technical Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Full Color Technical Solution Types
 Full Color Technical Solution - RGB Chip Colorization Technique
 Full Color Technical Solution - RGB Chip Colorization Techniqueisgychnologygyi
 Full Color Technical Solution - Color Conversion Technology
 Full Color Technical Solution - Qunatum Dot Color Conversion Technology and Application
 Full Color Technical Solution - Quantum Well (QW) Color Conversion Technology
 Full Color Technical Solution - Overview
 Full Color Technical Solution - Applicability Analysis

Chapter 11 Bonding Technical Bottleneck and Challenge Analysis
 Bonding Technology - Technical Classification
 Bonding Technology - SMT Solution
 Bonding Technology - Eutectic Wave Soldering Assembly Technical Solution
 Bonding Technology - Anisotropic Conductive Adhesive (ACF) Solution
 Bonding Technology - Anisotropic Solder Paste (SAP) Solution
 Bonding Technology - Wafer Bonding Technical Solution
 Bonding Technology - Wafer Bonding Difficulty Analysis
 Bonding Technology - Micro TUBE Solution
 Bonding Technology - Technical Difficulty Analysis
 Bonding Technology - Feasibility Analysis

Chapter 12 Analysis of driving scheme bottlenecks and challenges
 Driving Technology- driving scheme types
 Driving Technology- the importance of driver IC
 Driving Technology- Relationship Between V-I Characteristics and Luminance of LED
 Driving Technology- Types of Switch Mode Driver
 Driving Technology- Relationship between PWM and Duty Cycle
 Driving Technology- Comparison between Active and Passive Matrix Driving
 Driving Technology- Display Driving Scheme- Scanning Behavior and Refresh Rate
 Driving Technology- Display Driving Scheme- Fine-pitch Display Analysis
 Driving Technology- Thin Film Transistor- Driving Matrix of LCD displays
 Driving Technology- Thin Film Transistor- Active Matrix (AM) V.S. Passive Matrix (PM)
 Driving Technology- Thin Film Transistor- Analysis of Quality-affecting Factors
 Driving Technology- OLED Driving Scheme- Photoelectric Properties of OLED
 Driving Technology- OLED Driving Scheme- PMOLED
 Driving Technology- OLED Driving Scheme- AMOLED
 Driving Technology- Micro LED Driving Scheme- PM Micro LED
 Driving Technology- Micro LED Driving Scheme- AM Micro LED
 OLED V.S. Micro LED: Power Module Comparison

Chapter 13 Analysis of Backplane Technology Bottlenecks and Challenges
 Backplane Technology- Structure of Display Backplane
 Backplane Technology- Types of Backplane Material
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Operating Principles of Glass Substrate and Pixel Switch Components
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Features of Glass Substrate and Pixel Switch Components
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Size Development of Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Thermal Expansion Challenges of Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Application of Glass Substrate with Switch Components
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Structure of Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Manufacturing Process of a-Si Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Manufacturing Process of IGZO Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Manufacturing Process of LTPS Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Resolution Comparison of Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Power Consumption Comparison of Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Leakage Comparison of Pixel Switch Components for Glass Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Features of Flexible Substrate and Pixel Switch Components
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Manufacturing Process of Flexible Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Features of Flexible Substrate Materials
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Structure of Silicon Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Manufacturing Process of Silicon Substrate
 Backplane Technology- Integrated Backplane: Features of Silicon Substrate Materials
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Outward Structure of PCB
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Inward Structure of PCB
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Thermal Effect of PCB
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Comparison of PCB Substrates
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Challenges of Manufacturing PCB
 Backplane Technology- Non-integrated Backplane: Size Limit of PCB
 Comparison of Backplane Technologies
 Backplane Technology- Applicability Analysis

Chapter 14 Analysis of Micro LED Supply Chain and Technology Developments by Company
 Analysis of Major Micro LED Developers (in the Supply Chain)
 Analysis of Product Strategies and Technology Developments by Region- Taiwan
 Analysis of Product Strategies and Technology Developments by Region- China
 Analysis of Product Strategies and Technology Developments by Region- Korea
 Analysis of Product Strategies and Technology Developments by Region- Japan
 Analysis of Product Strategies and Technology Developments by Region- EU & the US

Contact us:

Global Contact: 

Taipei:

 

Shenzhen:

Grace Li

Eric Chang

Paula Peng

Perry Wang

Graceli@trendforce.com

Eric.chang@trendforce.com

Paulapeng@trendforce.com

perrywang@trendforce.cn

+886-2-8978-6488 ext.916

+886-2-8978-6488 ext.822

+886-2-8978-6488 ext.820

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